Routing for UAS167

intro1 (intro)
This survey has several unrelated sections. It asks about the ways the population in the United States is changing, your opinion on basic incomes, caring for family members, and pet food. To start with...
if section_order = empty then
section_order := mt_rand(1,6)
End of if
if section_order = 1 then
di_intro
Questions in this section are about the ways that the population in the United States may be changing.
if di_randomizer = empty then
di_randomizer := mt_rand(1,5)
End of if
if di_randomizer = 1 then
di_text1
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Elderly Population in U.S. Slated to Rise from 53 to 73 Million.

The senior population of the United States is rapidly growing in size and as a proportion of the total.

In the United States, the number of people age 65 and older has increased from 33 million in 1990 to 53 million today, with future increases expected to 73 million by 2030.

Growth in the senior population reflects improvements in health and longevity. But another major reason is simply that the large baby boom generation is currently passing age 65.

Eventually, the older population in the U.S. will amount to 23% of the nation’s total population, compared to only 15% today. This future elderly population share is still lower than what already exists in some other countries today, such as Japan (26%) or Italy (24%).

The eventual increase in retirees also creates opportunities for more volunteers who may seek to remain active by joining local community organizations.
elseif di_randomizer = 2 then
di_text2
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Racial Minorities Slated to Become U.S. Majority, Whites to Become New Minority.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find America reaching a racial tipping point to a majority-minority society faster than once predicted. The number of Whites is declining while Hispanic and Asian populations are rising rapidly. As a result, demographers calculate that by 2045 racial minorities will outnumber non-Hispanic Whites. This will make Whites the new minority.
elseif di_randomizer = 3 then
di_text3
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase, White Majority to Broaden.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (both White and another group) and feel closer to their White than their minority backgrounds. As the White population broadens to include more multiracial Americans, it will remain a steady 70% majority of the U.S. population for the foreseeable future.

Sociologist Jan Jansen observed, "Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. All were once considered non-white minorities. But they inter-married at very high rates with other ethnic groups, blended in, and became part of the White majority."
elseif di_randomizer = 4 then
di_text4
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (both White and another group).

Demographer Jan Jansen of the Ohio State University observed, "Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. They intermarried at very high rates with other ethnic groups and blended in."
elseif di_randomizer = 5 then
di_text5
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

With Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase, Some Demographers See White Majority Broadening.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (belonging to both White and another group) and feel closer to their White than their minority backgrounds.

A report by demographers at the University of California concludes that the White population is broadening to include more multiracial Americans and will remain a steady 70% majority of the U.S. population for the foreseeable future.

Not everyone is convinced. Demographer Charlene Franklin of the University of Michigan disagreed that multiracial Americans should be viewed as part of a broadened White majority – even if they have a white parent, marry a white person, and self-identify as White: "The fact is that in America, multiracials are non-white, period. There is no way that Whites are going to accept people with Hispanic and Asian ancestry as part of their group."

Dr. Franklin and other demographers who count all multiracial Americans and their offspring as only "non-white" see Whites shrinking to a minority of the U.S. population by 2045 and non-whites becoming the majority.

But Jan Jansen, a co-author of the University of California report, says that the idea of a shrinking White minority that excludes multiracial Americans is shortsighted fear-mongering: "This is not 1940 any longer. Multiracial families are increasingly seen as American as apple pie. Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. All were once considered non-white minorities. But they inter-married at very high rates with other ethnic groups, blended in, and became part of the White majority."
End of if
if md_001_randomizer = empty then
md_001_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_001_randomizer = 1 then
md_001_order := array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4)
Else
md_001_order := array(1 => 4, 2 => 3, 3 => 2, 4 => 1)
End of if
md_001 (Future of American Society)
After reading this story, which comes closest to your feelings about the future of American society?
1 Angry
2 Anxious
3 Hopeful
4 Enthusiastic
md_002_questions := array(1 => "md_002a", 2 => "md_002b", 3 => "md_002c", 4 => "md_002d")
if sizeof(md_002_order) = 0 then
md_002_order := shuffleArray(array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4))
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_002_intro
Please indicate how much you think different groups are currently facing discrimination in the United States. On a scale from 1 to 10 where 1 means that groups faces no discrimination at all and 10 means that group faces very much discrimination.

Subgroup of questions
Loop from 1 to 4
Value of question 'md_002_questions[md_002_order[cnt]]' asked as question
End of loop
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
md_003_questions := array(1 => "md_003a", 2 => "md_003b", 3 => "md_003c", 4 => "md_003d")
if sizeof(md_003_order) = 0 then
md_003_order := md_002_order
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_003_intro
Please indicate how much you think different groups will face discrimination in the United States in the future. On a scale from 1 to 10 where 1 means that groups will face no discrimination at all and 10 means that group will face very much discrimination.

Subgroup of questions
Loop from 1 to 4
Value of question 'md_003_questions[md_003_order[cnt]]' asked as question
End of loop
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
if md_004_randomizer = empty then
md_004_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_004_randomizer = 1 then
md_004_order := array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4, 5 => 5)
md_004_order[6] := 6
Else
md_004_order := array(1 => 5, 2 => 4, 3 => 3, 4 => 2, 5 => 1)
md_004_order[6] := 6
End of if
md_004 (Race/Ethnicity based on grandparents)
Suppose a person has two white grandparents and two Hispanic grandparents. Is that person best described as...
1 Only white
2 Mostly white but also Hispanic
3 Equally white and Hispanic
4 Mostly Hispanic but also white
5 Only Hispanic
6 Not sure
if md_005_randomizer = empty then
md_005_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_005_randomizer = 1 then
md_005_order[1] := 1
md_005_order[2] := 2
md_005_order[3] := 3
md_005_order[4] := 4
md_005_order[5] := 5
Else
md_005_order[1] := 5
md_005_order[2] := 4
md_005_order[3] := 3
md_005_order[4] := 2
md_005_order[5] := 1
End of if
Fill code of question 'fl_md_005' executed
md_005 (Taxes for K-12 public education)
Several states are considering proposals to raise taxes in order to increase spending on K-12 public education. Would you [support/oppose] or [support/oppose] this proposal?
1 Strongly support
2 Somewhat support
3 Neither support nor oppose
4 Somewhat oppose
5 Strongly oppose
if md_006_randomizer = empty then
md_006_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_006_intro
Do you agree or disagree with each of the following:

Subgroup of questions
if md_006_randomizer = 1 then
md_006a (Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.)
Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
md_006b (Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture)
Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
Else
md_006b (Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture)
Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
md_006a (Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.)
Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
End of if
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
ef_intro
Questions in this section ask about basic income in the United States and elsewhere.
if ef_order = empty then
ef_order := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if ef_order = 1 then
ef_001 (USA Universal Basic Income)
Some business executives have proposed that the U.S. government should provide every American with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
ef_002 (Africa Universal Basic Income)
Some charities and international aid organizations have proposed using their funds to provide people living in the poorest parts of Africa with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
Else
ef_002 (Africa Universal Basic Income)
Some charities and international aid organizations have proposed using their funds to provide people living in the poorest parts of Africa with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
ef_001 (USA Universal Basic Income)
Some business executives have proposed that the U.S. government should provide every American with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
End of if
ef_003 (All Children Basic Opportunity)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

All children, no matter where they are born, should be provided the opportunity to go to school, develop their talents, live safely and receive medical care when they need it.
1 Agree strongly
2 Agree somewhat
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Disagree somewhat
5 Disagree strongly
pt_intro
The next questions ask about your pet food purchases, if any.
pt_001 (ever bought dog food)
Have you ever bought dog food, or have you never bought dog food?
1 I have bought dog food
2 I have never bought dog food
if pt_001 = 1 then
pt_002 (when bought specific dog food)
Did you ever buy dog food on or after July 1, 2013, or did you only buy it before July 1, 2013?
1 I bought it ON OR AFTER July 1, 2013
2 I only bought it BEFORE July 1, 2013
End of if
pt_003 (ever bought cat food)
Have you ever bought cat food, or have you never bought cat food?
1 I have bought cat food
2 I have never bought cat food
if pt_003 = 1 then
pt_004 (when bought cat food)
Did you ever buy cat food on or after July 1, 2013, or did you only buy it before July 1, 2013?
1 I bought it ON OR AFTER July 1, 2013
2 I only bought it BEFORE July 1, 2013
End of if
elseif section_order = 2 then
di_intro
Questions in this section are about the ways that the population in the United States may be changing.
if di_randomizer = empty then
di_randomizer := mt_rand(1,5)
End of if
if di_randomizer = 1 then
di_text1
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Elderly Population in U.S. Slated to Rise from 53 to 73 Million.

The senior population of the United States is rapidly growing in size and as a proportion of the total.

In the United States, the number of people age 65 and older has increased from 33 million in 1990 to 53 million today, with future increases expected to 73 million by 2030.

Growth in the senior population reflects improvements in health and longevity. But another major reason is simply that the large baby boom generation is currently passing age 65.

Eventually, the older population in the U.S. will amount to 23% of the nation’s total population, compared to only 15% today. This future elderly population share is still lower than what already exists in some other countries today, such as Japan (26%) or Italy (24%).

The eventual increase in retirees also creates opportunities for more volunteers who may seek to remain active by joining local community organizations.
elseif di_randomizer = 2 then
di_text2
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Racial Minorities Slated to Become U.S. Majority, Whites to Become New Minority.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find America reaching a racial tipping point to a majority-minority society faster than once predicted. The number of Whites is declining while Hispanic and Asian populations are rising rapidly. As a result, demographers calculate that by 2045 racial minorities will outnumber non-Hispanic Whites. This will make Whites the new minority.
elseif di_randomizer = 3 then
di_text3
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase, White Majority to Broaden.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (both White and another group) and feel closer to their White than their minority backgrounds. As the White population broadens to include more multiracial Americans, it will remain a steady 70% majority of the U.S. population for the foreseeable future.

Sociologist Jan Jansen observed, "Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. All were once considered non-white minorities. But they inter-married at very high rates with other ethnic groups, blended in, and became part of the White majority."
elseif di_randomizer = 4 then
di_text4
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (both White and another group).

Demographer Jan Jansen of the Ohio State University observed, "Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. They intermarried at very high rates with other ethnic groups and blended in."
elseif di_randomizer = 5 then
di_text5
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

With Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase, Some Demographers See White Majority Broadening.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (belonging to both White and another group) and feel closer to their White than their minority backgrounds.

A report by demographers at the University of California concludes that the White population is broadening to include more multiracial Americans and will remain a steady 70% majority of the U.S. population for the foreseeable future.

Not everyone is convinced. Demographer Charlene Franklin of the University of Michigan disagreed that multiracial Americans should be viewed as part of a broadened White majority – even if they have a white parent, marry a white person, and self-identify as White: "The fact is that in America, multiracials are non-white, period. There is no way that Whites are going to accept people with Hispanic and Asian ancestry as part of their group."

Dr. Franklin and other demographers who count all multiracial Americans and their offspring as only "non-white" see Whites shrinking to a minority of the U.S. population by 2045 and non-whites becoming the majority.

But Jan Jansen, a co-author of the University of California report, says that the idea of a shrinking White minority that excludes multiracial Americans is shortsighted fear-mongering: "This is not 1940 any longer. Multiracial families are increasingly seen as American as apple pie. Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. All were once considered non-white minorities. But they inter-married at very high rates with other ethnic groups, blended in, and became part of the White majority."
End of if
if md_001_randomizer = empty then
md_001_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_001_randomizer = 1 then
md_001_order := array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4)
Else
md_001_order := array(1 => 4, 2 => 3, 3 => 2, 4 => 1)
End of if
md_001 (Future of American Society)
After reading this story, which comes closest to your feelings about the future of American society?
1 Angry
2 Anxious
3 Hopeful
4 Enthusiastic
md_002_questions := array(1 => "md_002a", 2 => "md_002b", 3 => "md_002c", 4 => "md_002d")
if sizeof(md_002_order) = 0 then
md_002_order := shuffleArray(array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4))
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_002_intro
Please indicate how much you think different groups are currently facing discrimination in the United States. On a scale from 1 to 10 where 1 means that groups faces no discrimination at all and 10 means that group faces very much discrimination.

Subgroup of questions
Loop from 1 to 4
Value of question 'md_002_questions[md_002_order[cnt]]' asked as question
End of loop
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
md_003_questions := array(1 => "md_003a", 2 => "md_003b", 3 => "md_003c", 4 => "md_003d")
if sizeof(md_003_order) = 0 then
md_003_order := md_002_order
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_003_intro
Please indicate how much you think different groups will face discrimination in the United States in the future. On a scale from 1 to 10 where 1 means that groups will face no discrimination at all and 10 means that group will face very much discrimination.

Subgroup of questions
Loop from 1 to 4
Value of question 'md_003_questions[md_003_order[cnt]]' asked as question
End of loop
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
if md_004_randomizer = empty then
md_004_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_004_randomizer = 1 then
md_004_order := array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4, 5 => 5)
md_004_order[6] := 6
Else
md_004_order := array(1 => 5, 2 => 4, 3 => 3, 4 => 2, 5 => 1)
md_004_order[6] := 6
End of if
md_004 (Race/Ethnicity based on grandparents)
Suppose a person has two white grandparents and two Hispanic grandparents. Is that person best described as...
1 Only white
2 Mostly white but also Hispanic
3 Equally white and Hispanic
4 Mostly Hispanic but also white
5 Only Hispanic
6 Not sure
if md_005_randomizer = empty then
md_005_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_005_randomizer = 1 then
md_005_order[1] := 1
md_005_order[2] := 2
md_005_order[3] := 3
md_005_order[4] := 4
md_005_order[5] := 5
Else
md_005_order[1] := 5
md_005_order[2] := 4
md_005_order[3] := 3
md_005_order[4] := 2
md_005_order[5] := 1
End of if
Fill code of question 'fl_md_005' executed
md_005 (Taxes for K-12 public education)
Several states are considering proposals to raise taxes in order to increase spending on K-12 public education. Would you [support/oppose] or [support/oppose] this proposal?
1 Strongly support
2 Somewhat support
3 Neither support nor oppose
4 Somewhat oppose
5 Strongly oppose
if md_006_randomizer = empty then
md_006_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_006_intro
Do you agree or disagree with each of the following:

Subgroup of questions
if md_006_randomizer = 1 then
md_006a (Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.)
Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
md_006b (Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture)
Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
Else
md_006b (Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture)
Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
md_006a (Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.)
Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
End of if
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
pt_intro
The next questions ask about your pet food purchases, if any.
pt_001 (ever bought dog food)
Have you ever bought dog food, or have you never bought dog food?
1 I have bought dog food
2 I have never bought dog food
if pt_001 = 1 then
pt_002 (when bought specific dog food)
Did you ever buy dog food on or after July 1, 2013, or did you only buy it before July 1, 2013?
1 I bought it ON OR AFTER July 1, 2013
2 I only bought it BEFORE July 1, 2013
End of if
pt_003 (ever bought cat food)
Have you ever bought cat food, or have you never bought cat food?
1 I have bought cat food
2 I have never bought cat food
if pt_003 = 1 then
pt_004 (when bought cat food)
Did you ever buy cat food on or after July 1, 2013, or did you only buy it before July 1, 2013?
1 I bought it ON OR AFTER July 1, 2013
2 I only bought it BEFORE July 1, 2013
End of if
ef_intro
Questions in this section ask about basic income in the United States and elsewhere.
if ef_order = empty then
ef_order := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if ef_order = 1 then
ef_001 (USA Universal Basic Income)
Some business executives have proposed that the U.S. government should provide every American with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
ef_002 (Africa Universal Basic Income)
Some charities and international aid organizations have proposed using their funds to provide people living in the poorest parts of Africa with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
Else
ef_002 (Africa Universal Basic Income)
Some charities and international aid organizations have proposed using their funds to provide people living in the poorest parts of Africa with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
ef_001 (USA Universal Basic Income)
Some business executives have proposed that the U.S. government should provide every American with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
End of if
ef_003 (All Children Basic Opportunity)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

All children, no matter where they are born, should be provided the opportunity to go to school, develop their talents, live safely and receive medical care when they need it.
1 Agree strongly
2 Agree somewhat
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Disagree somewhat
5 Disagree strongly
elseif section_order = 3 then
ef_intro
Questions in this section ask about basic income in the United States and elsewhere.
if ef_order = empty then
ef_order := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if ef_order = 1 then
ef_001 (USA Universal Basic Income)
Some business executives have proposed that the U.S. government should provide every American with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
ef_002 (Africa Universal Basic Income)
Some charities and international aid organizations have proposed using their funds to provide people living in the poorest parts of Africa with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
Else
ef_002 (Africa Universal Basic Income)
Some charities and international aid organizations have proposed using their funds to provide people living in the poorest parts of Africa with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
ef_001 (USA Universal Basic Income)
Some business executives have proposed that the U.S. government should provide every American with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
End of if
ef_003 (All Children Basic Opportunity)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

All children, no matter where they are born, should be provided the opportunity to go to school, develop their talents, live safely and receive medical care when they need it.
1 Agree strongly
2 Agree somewhat
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Disagree somewhat
5 Disagree strongly
di_intro
Questions in this section are about the ways that the population in the United States may be changing.
if di_randomizer = empty then
di_randomizer := mt_rand(1,5)
End of if
if di_randomizer = 1 then
di_text1
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Elderly Population in U.S. Slated to Rise from 53 to 73 Million.

The senior population of the United States is rapidly growing in size and as a proportion of the total.

In the United States, the number of people age 65 and older has increased from 33 million in 1990 to 53 million today, with future increases expected to 73 million by 2030.

Growth in the senior population reflects improvements in health and longevity. But another major reason is simply that the large baby boom generation is currently passing age 65.

Eventually, the older population in the U.S. will amount to 23% of the nation’s total population, compared to only 15% today. This future elderly population share is still lower than what already exists in some other countries today, such as Japan (26%) or Italy (24%).

The eventual increase in retirees also creates opportunities for more volunteers who may seek to remain active by joining local community organizations.
elseif di_randomizer = 2 then
di_text2
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Racial Minorities Slated to Become U.S. Majority, Whites to Become New Minority.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find America reaching a racial tipping point to a majority-minority society faster than once predicted. The number of Whites is declining while Hispanic and Asian populations are rising rapidly. As a result, demographers calculate that by 2045 racial minorities will outnumber non-Hispanic Whites. This will make Whites the new minority.
elseif di_randomizer = 3 then
di_text3
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase, White Majority to Broaden.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (both White and another group) and feel closer to their White than their minority backgrounds. As the White population broadens to include more multiracial Americans, it will remain a steady 70% majority of the U.S. population for the foreseeable future.

Sociologist Jan Jansen observed, "Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. All were once considered non-white minorities. But they inter-married at very high rates with other ethnic groups, blended in, and became part of the White majority."
elseif di_randomizer = 4 then
di_text4
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (both White and another group).

Demographer Jan Jansen of the Ohio State University observed, "Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. They intermarried at very high rates with other ethnic groups and blended in."
elseif di_randomizer = 5 then
di_text5
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

With Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase, Some Demographers See White Majority Broadening.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (belonging to both White and another group) and feel closer to their White than their minority backgrounds.

A report by demographers at the University of California concludes that the White population is broadening to include more multiracial Americans and will remain a steady 70% majority of the U.S. population for the foreseeable future.

Not everyone is convinced. Demographer Charlene Franklin of the University of Michigan disagreed that multiracial Americans should be viewed as part of a broadened White majority – even if they have a white parent, marry a white person, and self-identify as White: "The fact is that in America, multiracials are non-white, period. There is no way that Whites are going to accept people with Hispanic and Asian ancestry as part of their group."

Dr. Franklin and other demographers who count all multiracial Americans and their offspring as only "non-white" see Whites shrinking to a minority of the U.S. population by 2045 and non-whites becoming the majority.

But Jan Jansen, a co-author of the University of California report, says that the idea of a shrinking White minority that excludes multiracial Americans is shortsighted fear-mongering: "This is not 1940 any longer. Multiracial families are increasingly seen as American as apple pie. Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. All were once considered non-white minorities. But they inter-married at very high rates with other ethnic groups, blended in, and became part of the White majority."
End of if
if md_001_randomizer = empty then
md_001_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_001_randomizer = 1 then
md_001_order := array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4)
Else
md_001_order := array(1 => 4, 2 => 3, 3 => 2, 4 => 1)
End of if
md_001 (Future of American Society)
After reading this story, which comes closest to your feelings about the future of American society?
1 Angry
2 Anxious
3 Hopeful
4 Enthusiastic
md_002_questions := array(1 => "md_002a", 2 => "md_002b", 3 => "md_002c", 4 => "md_002d")
if sizeof(md_002_order) = 0 then
md_002_order := shuffleArray(array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4))
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_002_intro
Please indicate how much you think different groups are currently facing discrimination in the United States. On a scale from 1 to 10 where 1 means that groups faces no discrimination at all and 10 means that group faces very much discrimination.

Subgroup of questions
Loop from 1 to 4
Value of question 'md_002_questions[md_002_order[cnt]]' asked as question
End of loop
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
md_003_questions := array(1 => "md_003a", 2 => "md_003b", 3 => "md_003c", 4 => "md_003d")
if sizeof(md_003_order) = 0 then
md_003_order := md_002_order
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_003_intro
Please indicate how much you think different groups will face discrimination in the United States in the future. On a scale from 1 to 10 where 1 means that groups will face no discrimination at all and 10 means that group will face very much discrimination.

Subgroup of questions
Loop from 1 to 4
Value of question 'md_003_questions[md_003_order[cnt]]' asked as question
End of loop
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
if md_004_randomizer = empty then
md_004_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_004_randomizer = 1 then
md_004_order := array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4, 5 => 5)
md_004_order[6] := 6
Else
md_004_order := array(1 => 5, 2 => 4, 3 => 3, 4 => 2, 5 => 1)
md_004_order[6] := 6
End of if
md_004 (Race/Ethnicity based on grandparents)
Suppose a person has two white grandparents and two Hispanic grandparents. Is that person best described as...
1 Only white
2 Mostly white but also Hispanic
3 Equally white and Hispanic
4 Mostly Hispanic but also white
5 Only Hispanic
6 Not sure
if md_005_randomizer = empty then
md_005_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_005_randomizer = 1 then
md_005_order[1] := 1
md_005_order[2] := 2
md_005_order[3] := 3
md_005_order[4] := 4
md_005_order[5] := 5
Else
md_005_order[1] := 5
md_005_order[2] := 4
md_005_order[3] := 3
md_005_order[4] := 2
md_005_order[5] := 1
End of if
Fill code of question 'fl_md_005' executed
md_005 (Taxes for K-12 public education)
Several states are considering proposals to raise taxes in order to increase spending on K-12 public education. Would you [support/oppose] or [support/oppose] this proposal?
1 Strongly support
2 Somewhat support
3 Neither support nor oppose
4 Somewhat oppose
5 Strongly oppose
if md_006_randomizer = empty then
md_006_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_006_intro
Do you agree or disagree with each of the following:

Subgroup of questions
if md_006_randomizer = 1 then
md_006a (Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.)
Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
md_006b (Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture)
Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
Else
md_006b (Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture)
Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
md_006a (Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.)
Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
End of if
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
pt_intro
The next questions ask about your pet food purchases, if any.
pt_001 (ever bought dog food)
Have you ever bought dog food, or have you never bought dog food?
1 I have bought dog food
2 I have never bought dog food
if pt_001 = 1 then
pt_002 (when bought specific dog food)
Did you ever buy dog food on or after July 1, 2013, or did you only buy it before July 1, 2013?
1 I bought it ON OR AFTER July 1, 2013
2 I only bought it BEFORE July 1, 2013
End of if
pt_003 (ever bought cat food)
Have you ever bought cat food, or have you never bought cat food?
1 I have bought cat food
2 I have never bought cat food
if pt_003 = 1 then
pt_004 (when bought cat food)
Did you ever buy cat food on or after July 1, 2013, or did you only buy it before July 1, 2013?
1 I bought it ON OR AFTER July 1, 2013
2 I only bought it BEFORE July 1, 2013
End of if
elseif section_order = 4 then
ef_intro
Questions in this section ask about basic income in the United States and elsewhere.
if ef_order = empty then
ef_order := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if ef_order = 1 then
ef_001 (USA Universal Basic Income)
Some business executives have proposed that the U.S. government should provide every American with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
ef_002 (Africa Universal Basic Income)
Some charities and international aid organizations have proposed using their funds to provide people living in the poorest parts of Africa with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
Else
ef_002 (Africa Universal Basic Income)
Some charities and international aid organizations have proposed using their funds to provide people living in the poorest parts of Africa with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
ef_001 (USA Universal Basic Income)
Some business executives have proposed that the U.S. government should provide every American with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
End of if
ef_003 (All Children Basic Opportunity)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

All children, no matter where they are born, should be provided the opportunity to go to school, develop their talents, live safely and receive medical care when they need it.
1 Agree strongly
2 Agree somewhat
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Disagree somewhat
5 Disagree strongly
pt_intro
The next questions ask about your pet food purchases, if any.
pt_001 (ever bought dog food)
Have you ever bought dog food, or have you never bought dog food?
1 I have bought dog food
2 I have never bought dog food
if pt_001 = 1 then
pt_002 (when bought specific dog food)
Did you ever buy dog food on or after July 1, 2013, or did you only buy it before July 1, 2013?
1 I bought it ON OR AFTER July 1, 2013
2 I only bought it BEFORE July 1, 2013
End of if
pt_003 (ever bought cat food)
Have you ever bought cat food, or have you never bought cat food?
1 I have bought cat food
2 I have never bought cat food
if pt_003 = 1 then
pt_004 (when bought cat food)
Did you ever buy cat food on or after July 1, 2013, or did you only buy it before July 1, 2013?
1 I bought it ON OR AFTER July 1, 2013
2 I only bought it BEFORE July 1, 2013
End of if
di_intro
Questions in this section are about the ways that the population in the United States may be changing.
if di_randomizer = empty then
di_randomizer := mt_rand(1,5)
End of if
if di_randomizer = 1 then
di_text1
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Elderly Population in U.S. Slated to Rise from 53 to 73 Million.

The senior population of the United States is rapidly growing in size and as a proportion of the total.

In the United States, the number of people age 65 and older has increased from 33 million in 1990 to 53 million today, with future increases expected to 73 million by 2030.

Growth in the senior population reflects improvements in health and longevity. But another major reason is simply that the large baby boom generation is currently passing age 65.

Eventually, the older population in the U.S. will amount to 23% of the nation’s total population, compared to only 15% today. This future elderly population share is still lower than what already exists in some other countries today, such as Japan (26%) or Italy (24%).

The eventual increase in retirees also creates opportunities for more volunteers who may seek to remain active by joining local community organizations.
elseif di_randomizer = 2 then
di_text2
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Racial Minorities Slated to Become U.S. Majority, Whites to Become New Minority.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find America reaching a racial tipping point to a majority-minority society faster than once predicted. The number of Whites is declining while Hispanic and Asian populations are rising rapidly. As a result, demographers calculate that by 2045 racial minorities will outnumber non-Hispanic Whites. This will make Whites the new minority.
elseif di_randomizer = 3 then
di_text3
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase, White Majority to Broaden.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (both White and another group) and feel closer to their White than their minority backgrounds. As the White population broadens to include more multiracial Americans, it will remain a steady 70% majority of the U.S. population for the foreseeable future.

Sociologist Jan Jansen observed, "Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. All were once considered non-white minorities. But they inter-married at very high rates with other ethnic groups, blended in, and became part of the White majority."
elseif di_randomizer = 4 then
di_text4
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (both White and another group).

Demographer Jan Jansen of the Ohio State University observed, "Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. They intermarried at very high rates with other ethnic groups and blended in."
elseif di_randomizer = 5 then
di_text5
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

With Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase, Some Demographers See White Majority Broadening.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (belonging to both White and another group) and feel closer to their White than their minority backgrounds.

A report by demographers at the University of California concludes that the White population is broadening to include more multiracial Americans and will remain a steady 70% majority of the U.S. population for the foreseeable future.

Not everyone is convinced. Demographer Charlene Franklin of the University of Michigan disagreed that multiracial Americans should be viewed as part of a broadened White majority – even if they have a white parent, marry a white person, and self-identify as White: "The fact is that in America, multiracials are non-white, period. There is no way that Whites are going to accept people with Hispanic and Asian ancestry as part of their group."

Dr. Franklin and other demographers who count all multiracial Americans and their offspring as only "non-white" see Whites shrinking to a minority of the U.S. population by 2045 and non-whites becoming the majority.

But Jan Jansen, a co-author of the University of California report, says that the idea of a shrinking White minority that excludes multiracial Americans is shortsighted fear-mongering: "This is not 1940 any longer. Multiracial families are increasingly seen as American as apple pie. Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. All were once considered non-white minorities. But they inter-married at very high rates with other ethnic groups, blended in, and became part of the White majority."
End of if
if md_001_randomizer = empty then
md_001_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_001_randomizer = 1 then
md_001_order := array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4)
Else
md_001_order := array(1 => 4, 2 => 3, 3 => 2, 4 => 1)
End of if
md_001 (Future of American Society)
After reading this story, which comes closest to your feelings about the future of American society?
1 Angry
2 Anxious
3 Hopeful
4 Enthusiastic
md_002_questions := array(1 => "md_002a", 2 => "md_002b", 3 => "md_002c", 4 => "md_002d")
if sizeof(md_002_order) = 0 then
md_002_order := shuffleArray(array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4))
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_002_intro
Please indicate how much you think different groups are currently facing discrimination in the United States. On a scale from 1 to 10 where 1 means that groups faces no discrimination at all and 10 means that group faces very much discrimination.

Subgroup of questions
Loop from 1 to 4
Value of question 'md_002_questions[md_002_order[cnt]]' asked as question
End of loop
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
md_003_questions := array(1 => "md_003a", 2 => "md_003b", 3 => "md_003c", 4 => "md_003d")
if sizeof(md_003_order) = 0 then
md_003_order := md_002_order
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_003_intro
Please indicate how much you think different groups will face discrimination in the United States in the future. On a scale from 1 to 10 where 1 means that groups will face no discrimination at all and 10 means that group will face very much discrimination.

Subgroup of questions
Loop from 1 to 4
Value of question 'md_003_questions[md_003_order[cnt]]' asked as question
End of loop
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
if md_004_randomizer = empty then
md_004_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_004_randomizer = 1 then
md_004_order := array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4, 5 => 5)
md_004_order[6] := 6
Else
md_004_order := array(1 => 5, 2 => 4, 3 => 3, 4 => 2, 5 => 1)
md_004_order[6] := 6
End of if
md_004 (Race/Ethnicity based on grandparents)
Suppose a person has two white grandparents and two Hispanic grandparents. Is that person best described as...
1 Only white
2 Mostly white but also Hispanic
3 Equally white and Hispanic
4 Mostly Hispanic but also white
5 Only Hispanic
6 Not sure
if md_005_randomizer = empty then
md_005_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_005_randomizer = 1 then
md_005_order[1] := 1
md_005_order[2] := 2
md_005_order[3] := 3
md_005_order[4] := 4
md_005_order[5] := 5
Else
md_005_order[1] := 5
md_005_order[2] := 4
md_005_order[3] := 3
md_005_order[4] := 2
md_005_order[5] := 1
End of if
Fill code of question 'fl_md_005' executed
md_005 (Taxes for K-12 public education)
Several states are considering proposals to raise taxes in order to increase spending on K-12 public education. Would you [support/oppose] or [support/oppose] this proposal?
1 Strongly support
2 Somewhat support
3 Neither support nor oppose
4 Somewhat oppose
5 Strongly oppose
if md_006_randomizer = empty then
md_006_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_006_intro
Do you agree or disagree with each of the following:

Subgroup of questions
if md_006_randomizer = 1 then
md_006a (Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.)
Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
md_006b (Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture)
Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
Else
md_006b (Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture)
Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
md_006a (Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.)
Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
End of if
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
elseif section_order = 5 then
pt_intro
The next questions ask about your pet food purchases, if any.
pt_001 (ever bought dog food)
Have you ever bought dog food, or have you never bought dog food?
1 I have bought dog food
2 I have never bought dog food
if pt_001 = 1 then
pt_002 (when bought specific dog food)
Did you ever buy dog food on or after July 1, 2013, or did you only buy it before July 1, 2013?
1 I bought it ON OR AFTER July 1, 2013
2 I only bought it BEFORE July 1, 2013
End of if
pt_003 (ever bought cat food)
Have you ever bought cat food, or have you never bought cat food?
1 I have bought cat food
2 I have never bought cat food
if pt_003 = 1 then
pt_004 (when bought cat food)
Did you ever buy cat food on or after July 1, 2013, or did you only buy it before July 1, 2013?
1 I bought it ON OR AFTER July 1, 2013
2 I only bought it BEFORE July 1, 2013
End of if
di_intro
Questions in this section are about the ways that the population in the United States may be changing.
if di_randomizer = empty then
di_randomizer := mt_rand(1,5)
End of if
if di_randomizer = 1 then
di_text1
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Elderly Population in U.S. Slated to Rise from 53 to 73 Million.

The senior population of the United States is rapidly growing in size and as a proportion of the total.

In the United States, the number of people age 65 and older has increased from 33 million in 1990 to 53 million today, with future increases expected to 73 million by 2030.

Growth in the senior population reflects improvements in health and longevity. But another major reason is simply that the large baby boom generation is currently passing age 65.

Eventually, the older population in the U.S. will amount to 23% of the nation’s total population, compared to only 15% today. This future elderly population share is still lower than what already exists in some other countries today, such as Japan (26%) or Italy (24%).

The eventual increase in retirees also creates opportunities for more volunteers who may seek to remain active by joining local community organizations.
elseif di_randomizer = 2 then
di_text2
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Racial Minorities Slated to Become U.S. Majority, Whites to Become New Minority.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find America reaching a racial tipping point to a majority-minority society faster than once predicted. The number of Whites is declining while Hispanic and Asian populations are rising rapidly. As a result, demographers calculate that by 2045 racial minorities will outnumber non-Hispanic Whites. This will make Whites the new minority.
elseif di_randomizer = 3 then
di_text3
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase, White Majority to Broaden.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (both White and another group) and feel closer to their White than their minority backgrounds. As the White population broadens to include more multiracial Americans, it will remain a steady 70% majority of the U.S. population for the foreseeable future.

Sociologist Jan Jansen observed, "Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. All were once considered non-white minorities. But they inter-married at very high rates with other ethnic groups, blended in, and became part of the White majority."
elseif di_randomizer = 4 then
di_text4
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (both White and another group).

Demographer Jan Jansen of the Ohio State University observed, "Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. They intermarried at very high rates with other ethnic groups and blended in."
elseif di_randomizer = 5 then
di_text5
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

With Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase, Some Demographers See White Majority Broadening.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (belonging to both White and another group) and feel closer to their White than their minority backgrounds.

A report by demographers at the University of California concludes that the White population is broadening to include more multiracial Americans and will remain a steady 70% majority of the U.S. population for the foreseeable future.

Not everyone is convinced. Demographer Charlene Franklin of the University of Michigan disagreed that multiracial Americans should be viewed as part of a broadened White majority – even if they have a white parent, marry a white person, and self-identify as White: "The fact is that in America, multiracials are non-white, period. There is no way that Whites are going to accept people with Hispanic and Asian ancestry as part of their group."

Dr. Franklin and other demographers who count all multiracial Americans and their offspring as only "non-white" see Whites shrinking to a minority of the U.S. population by 2045 and non-whites becoming the majority.

But Jan Jansen, a co-author of the University of California report, says that the idea of a shrinking White minority that excludes multiracial Americans is shortsighted fear-mongering: "This is not 1940 any longer. Multiracial families are increasingly seen as American as apple pie. Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. All were once considered non-white minorities. But they inter-married at very high rates with other ethnic groups, blended in, and became part of the White majority."
End of if
if md_001_randomizer = empty then
md_001_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_001_randomizer = 1 then
md_001_order := array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4)
Else
md_001_order := array(1 => 4, 2 => 3, 3 => 2, 4 => 1)
End of if
md_001 (Future of American Society)
After reading this story, which comes closest to your feelings about the future of American society?
1 Angry
2 Anxious
3 Hopeful
4 Enthusiastic
md_002_questions := array(1 => "md_002a", 2 => "md_002b", 3 => "md_002c", 4 => "md_002d")
if sizeof(md_002_order) = 0 then
md_002_order := shuffleArray(array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4))
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_002_intro
Please indicate how much you think different groups are currently facing discrimination in the United States. On a scale from 1 to 10 where 1 means that groups faces no discrimination at all and 10 means that group faces very much discrimination.

Subgroup of questions
Loop from 1 to 4
Value of question 'md_002_questions[md_002_order[cnt]]' asked as question
End of loop
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
md_003_questions := array(1 => "md_003a", 2 => "md_003b", 3 => "md_003c", 4 => "md_003d")
if sizeof(md_003_order) = 0 then
md_003_order := md_002_order
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_003_intro
Please indicate how much you think different groups will face discrimination in the United States in the future. On a scale from 1 to 10 where 1 means that groups will face no discrimination at all and 10 means that group will face very much discrimination.

Subgroup of questions
Loop from 1 to 4
Value of question 'md_003_questions[md_003_order[cnt]]' asked as question
End of loop
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
if md_004_randomizer = empty then
md_004_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_004_randomizer = 1 then
md_004_order := array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4, 5 => 5)
md_004_order[6] := 6
Else
md_004_order := array(1 => 5, 2 => 4, 3 => 3, 4 => 2, 5 => 1)
md_004_order[6] := 6
End of if
md_004 (Race/Ethnicity based on grandparents)
Suppose a person has two white grandparents and two Hispanic grandparents. Is that person best described as...
1 Only white
2 Mostly white but also Hispanic
3 Equally white and Hispanic
4 Mostly Hispanic but also white
5 Only Hispanic
6 Not sure
if md_005_randomizer = empty then
md_005_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_005_randomizer = 1 then
md_005_order[1] := 1
md_005_order[2] := 2
md_005_order[3] := 3
md_005_order[4] := 4
md_005_order[5] := 5
Else
md_005_order[1] := 5
md_005_order[2] := 4
md_005_order[3] := 3
md_005_order[4] := 2
md_005_order[5] := 1
End of if
Fill code of question 'fl_md_005' executed
md_005 (Taxes for K-12 public education)
Several states are considering proposals to raise taxes in order to increase spending on K-12 public education. Would you [support/oppose] or [support/oppose] this proposal?
1 Strongly support
2 Somewhat support
3 Neither support nor oppose
4 Somewhat oppose
5 Strongly oppose
if md_006_randomizer = empty then
md_006_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_006_intro
Do you agree or disagree with each of the following:

Subgroup of questions
if md_006_randomizer = 1 then
md_006a (Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.)
Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
md_006b (Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture)
Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
Else
md_006b (Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture)
Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
md_006a (Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.)
Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
End of if
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
ef_intro
Questions in this section ask about basic income in the United States and elsewhere.
if ef_order = empty then
ef_order := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if ef_order = 1 then
ef_001 (USA Universal Basic Income)
Some business executives have proposed that the U.S. government should provide every American with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
ef_002 (Africa Universal Basic Income)
Some charities and international aid organizations have proposed using their funds to provide people living in the poorest parts of Africa with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
Else
ef_002 (Africa Universal Basic Income)
Some charities and international aid organizations have proposed using their funds to provide people living in the poorest parts of Africa with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
ef_001 (USA Universal Basic Income)
Some business executives have proposed that the U.S. government should provide every American with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
End of if
ef_003 (All Children Basic Opportunity)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

All children, no matter where they are born, should be provided the opportunity to go to school, develop their talents, live safely and receive medical care when they need it.
1 Agree strongly
2 Agree somewhat
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Disagree somewhat
5 Disagree strongly
elseif section_order = 6 then
pt_intro
The next questions ask about your pet food purchases, if any.
pt_001 (ever bought dog food)
Have you ever bought dog food, or have you never bought dog food?
1 I have bought dog food
2 I have never bought dog food
if pt_001 = 1 then
pt_002 (when bought specific dog food)
Did you ever buy dog food on or after July 1, 2013, or did you only buy it before July 1, 2013?
1 I bought it ON OR AFTER July 1, 2013
2 I only bought it BEFORE July 1, 2013
End of if
pt_003 (ever bought cat food)
Have you ever bought cat food, or have you never bought cat food?
1 I have bought cat food
2 I have never bought cat food
if pt_003 = 1 then
pt_004 (when bought cat food)
Did you ever buy cat food on or after July 1, 2013, or did you only buy it before July 1, 2013?
1 I bought it ON OR AFTER July 1, 2013
2 I only bought it BEFORE July 1, 2013
End of if
ef_intro
Questions in this section ask about basic income in the United States and elsewhere.
if ef_order = empty then
ef_order := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if ef_order = 1 then
ef_001 (USA Universal Basic Income)
Some business executives have proposed that the U.S. government should provide every American with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
ef_002 (Africa Universal Basic Income)
Some charities and international aid organizations have proposed using their funds to provide people living in the poorest parts of Africa with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
Else
ef_002 (Africa Universal Basic Income)
Some charities and international aid organizations have proposed using their funds to provide people living in the poorest parts of Africa with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
ef_001 (USA Universal Basic Income)
Some business executives have proposed that the U.S. government should provide every American with a Universal Basic Income, that is a minimum amount of money each month so they can afford a basic level of shelter, healthcare and food. Do you support or oppose this idea?
1 Support
2 Oppose
3 No opinion
End of if
ef_003 (All Children Basic Opportunity)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

All children, no matter where they are born, should be provided the opportunity to go to school, develop their talents, live safely and receive medical care when they need it.
1 Agree strongly
2 Agree somewhat
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Disagree somewhat
5 Disagree strongly
di_intro
Questions in this section are about the ways that the population in the United States may be changing.
if di_randomizer = empty then
di_randomizer := mt_rand(1,5)
End of if
if di_randomizer = 1 then
di_text1
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Elderly Population in U.S. Slated to Rise from 53 to 73 Million.

The senior population of the United States is rapidly growing in size and as a proportion of the total.

In the United States, the number of people age 65 and older has increased from 33 million in 1990 to 53 million today, with future increases expected to 73 million by 2030.

Growth in the senior population reflects improvements in health and longevity. But another major reason is simply that the large baby boom generation is currently passing age 65.

Eventually, the older population in the U.S. will amount to 23% of the nation’s total population, compared to only 15% today. This future elderly population share is still lower than what already exists in some other countries today, such as Japan (26%) or Italy (24%).

The eventual increase in retirees also creates opportunities for more volunteers who may seek to remain active by joining local community organizations.
elseif di_randomizer = 2 then
di_text2
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Racial Minorities Slated to Become U.S. Majority, Whites to Become New Minority.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find America reaching a racial tipping point to a majority-minority society faster than once predicted. The number of Whites is declining while Hispanic and Asian populations are rising rapidly. As a result, demographers calculate that by 2045 racial minorities will outnumber non-Hispanic Whites. This will make Whites the new minority.
elseif di_randomizer = 3 then
di_text3
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase, White Majority to Broaden.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (both White and another group) and feel closer to their White than their minority backgrounds. As the White population broadens to include more multiracial Americans, it will remain a steady 70% majority of the U.S. population for the foreseeable future.

Sociologist Jan Jansen observed, "Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. All were once considered non-white minorities. But they inter-married at very high rates with other ethnic groups, blended in, and became part of the White majority."
elseif di_randomizer = 4 then
di_text4
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (both White and another group).

Demographer Jan Jansen of the Ohio State University observed, "Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. They intermarried at very high rates with other ethnic groups and blended in."
elseif di_randomizer = 5 then
di_text5
Please read the following short news article carefully and answer the question that follows it:

With Mixed-Race Families Slated to Increase, Some Demographers See White Majority Broadening.

New U.S. Census Bureau data find a continued rise in the number of American children who have mixed-race parentage, including one White parent and one parent of a different race or ethnicity. Studies show that most of these children grow up thinking of themselves as "multiracial" (belonging to both White and another group) and feel closer to their White than their minority backgrounds.

A report by demographers at the University of California concludes that the White population is broadening to include more multiracial Americans and will remain a steady 70% majority of the U.S. population for the foreseeable future.

Not everyone is convinced. Demographer Charlene Franklin of the University of Michigan disagreed that multiracial Americans should be viewed as part of a broadened White majority – even if they have a white parent, marry a white person, and self-identify as White: "The fact is that in America, multiracials are non-white, period. There is no way that Whites are going to accept people with Hispanic and Asian ancestry as part of their group."

Dr. Franklin and other demographers who count all multiracial Americans and their offspring as only "non-white" see Whites shrinking to a minority of the U.S. population by 2045 and non-whites becoming the majority.

But Jan Jansen, a co-author of the University of California report, says that the idea of a shrinking White minority that excludes multiracial Americans is shortsighted fear-mongering: "This is not 1940 any longer. Multiracial families are increasingly seen as American as apple pie. Hispanic- and Asian-Americans today are following in the footsteps of the Irish, Italians, and Jews. All were once considered non-white minorities. But they inter-married at very high rates with other ethnic groups, blended in, and became part of the White majority."
End of if
if md_001_randomizer = empty then
md_001_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_001_randomizer = 1 then
md_001_order := array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4)
Else
md_001_order := array(1 => 4, 2 => 3, 3 => 2, 4 => 1)
End of if
md_001 (Future of American Society)
After reading this story, which comes closest to your feelings about the future of American society?
1 Angry
2 Anxious
3 Hopeful
4 Enthusiastic
md_002_questions := array(1 => "md_002a", 2 => "md_002b", 3 => "md_002c", 4 => "md_002d")
if sizeof(md_002_order) = 0 then
md_002_order := shuffleArray(array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4))
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_002_intro
Please indicate how much you think different groups are currently facing discrimination in the United States. On a scale from 1 to 10 where 1 means that groups faces no discrimination at all and 10 means that group faces very much discrimination.

Subgroup of questions
Loop from 1 to 4
Value of question 'md_002_questions[md_002_order[cnt]]' asked as question
End of loop
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
md_003_questions := array(1 => "md_003a", 2 => "md_003b", 3 => "md_003c", 4 => "md_003d")
if sizeof(md_003_order) = 0 then
md_003_order := md_002_order
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_003_intro
Please indicate how much you think different groups will face discrimination in the United States in the future. On a scale from 1 to 10 where 1 means that groups will face no discrimination at all and 10 means that group will face very much discrimination.

Subgroup of questions
Loop from 1 to 4
Value of question 'md_003_questions[md_003_order[cnt]]' asked as question
End of loop
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
if md_004_randomizer = empty then
md_004_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_004_randomizer = 1 then
md_004_order := array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3, 4 => 4, 5 => 5)
md_004_order[6] := 6
Else
md_004_order := array(1 => 5, 2 => 4, 3 => 3, 4 => 2, 5 => 1)
md_004_order[6] := 6
End of if
md_004 (Race/Ethnicity based on grandparents)
Suppose a person has two white grandparents and two Hispanic grandparents. Is that person best described as...
1 Only white
2 Mostly white but also Hispanic
3 Equally white and Hispanic
4 Mostly Hispanic but also white
5 Only Hispanic
6 Not sure
if md_005_randomizer = empty then
md_005_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if md_005_randomizer = 1 then
md_005_order[1] := 1
md_005_order[2] := 2
md_005_order[3] := 3
md_005_order[4] := 4
md_005_order[5] := 5
Else
md_005_order[1] := 5
md_005_order[2] := 4
md_005_order[3] := 3
md_005_order[4] := 2
md_005_order[5] := 1
End of if
Fill code of question 'fl_md_005' executed
md_005 (Taxes for K-12 public education)
Several states are considering proposals to raise taxes in order to increase spending on K-12 public education. Would you [support/oppose] or [support/oppose] this proposal?
1 Strongly support
2 Somewhat support
3 Neither support nor oppose
4 Somewhat oppose
5 Strongly oppose
if md_006_randomizer = empty then
md_006_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
Group of questions presented on the same screen
md_006_intro
Do you agree or disagree with each of the following:

Subgroup of questions
if md_006_randomizer = 1 then
md_006a (Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.)
Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
md_006b (Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture)
Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
Else
md_006b (Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture)
Immigration threatens traditional American values and culture
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
md_006a (Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.)
Ballots in elections should be printed only in English.
1 Strongly agree
2 Somewhat agree
3 Neither agree nor disagree
4 Somewhat disagree
5 Strongly disagree
End of if
End of subgroup of questions
End of group of questions
End of if
jd_intro
The next questions ask about the federal government shutdown that began in December 2018. The shutdown was still underway when this survey started in January but it could re-open at any time. We have asked the following questions in the past tense, but understand that the government may still be shut down at the time you are taking this survey.
jd_001 (Financially affected by government shutdown)
Thinking now about the government shutdown that began in December 2018. Did the shutdown financially affect you or anyone in your household?
1 The shutdown financially affected me
2 The shutdown financially affected someone else in my household
3 The shutdown financially affected me and someone else in my household
4 No one in my household was financially affected by the government shutdown
if jd_001 in [1,3] then
jd_002 (Reason for shutdown personal impact)
Which of the following describes how/why the shutdown affected you? Please check all that apply.
1 I am a government employee who worked but was not paid during the shutdown
2 I am a government employee who did not work and was not paid during the shutdown
3 I am a contractor who does business with the federal government and was not paid during the shutdown
4 I work in, or own, a business or organization that was financially affected by the shutdown (e.g. services whose customers are federal government employees)
5 I was financially affected by the shutdown in some other way
if 5 in jd_002 then
jd_002_other (other reason for shutdown personal impact)
Please briefly describe in what way you were affected.
STRING
End of if
End of if
if jd_001 in [1,2,3] then
jd_003 (Shutdown cause household financial hardship)
Did the government shutdown cause you or your household any financial hardship, or not?
1 Yes
2 No
3 Not yet, but that could change depending on how long it lasts
4 Don't know
End of if
if jd_001 in [1,3] then
Group of questions presented on the same screen
jd_004 (Strategies for coping with shutdown)
Did you personally use any of the following strategies to cope with the financial impact of the shutdown? Please check all that apply.
1 Applied for unemployment
2 Found temporary work or did gig work (e.g. driving for a shared service, app-based delivery etc.)
3 Found a new job
4 Worked with creditors and/or landlord to pay bills late
5 Used savings
6 Borrowed from family or friends
7 Borrowed from a financial institution
8 Something else (please specify):
9 None of these
jd_004_other (other strategies for coping with shutdown)
STRING
End of group of questions
End of if
if jd_005_randomizer = empty then
jd_005_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if jd_005_randomizer = 1 then
jd_005_order[1] := 1
jd_005_order[2] := 2
jd_005_order[3] := 3
jd_005_order[4] := 4
jd_005_order[5] := 5
jd_005_order[6] := 6
Else
jd_005_order[1] := 5
jd_005_order[2] := 4
jd_005_order[3] := 3
jd_005_order[4] := 2
jd_005_order[5] := 1
jd_005_order[6] := 6
End of if
Fill code of question 'fl_jd_005' executed
jd_005 (Approve/Disapprove of Trump’s handling)
Do you [approve/disapprove] or [approve/disapprove] of President Trump's handling of the government shutdown?
1 Strongly approve
2 Somewhat approve
3 Neither approve nor disapprove
4 Somewhat disapprove
5 Strongly disapprove
6 Haven't heard enough to say
if jd_006_007_randomizer = empty then
jd_006_007_randomizer := mt_rand(1,2)
End of if
if jd_006_007_randomizer = 1 then
jd_006 (Approve/Disapprove of Democrats handling)
Do you [approve/disapprove] or [approve/disapprove] of how the Democrats in Congress are handling the government shutdown?
1 Strongly approve
2 Somewhat approve
3 Neither approve nor disapprove
4 Somewhat disapprove
5 Strongly disapprove
6 Haven't heard enough to say
jd_007 (Approve/Disapprove of Rebublicans handling)
Do you [approve/disapprove] or [approve/disapprove] of how the Republicans in Congress are handling the government shutdown?
1 Strongly approve
2 Somewhat approve
3 Neither approve nor disapprove
4 Somewhat disapprove
5 Strongly disapprove
6 Haven't heard enough to say
Else
jd_007 (Approve/Disapprove of Rebublicans handling)
Do you [approve/disapprove] or [approve/disapprove] of how the Republicans in Congress are handling the government shutdown?
1 Strongly approve
2 Somewhat approve
3 Neither approve nor disapprove
4 Somewhat disapprove
5 Strongly disapprove
6 Haven't heard enough to say
jd_006 (Approve/Disapprove of Democrats handling)
Do you [approve/disapprove] or [approve/disapprove] of how the Democrats in Congress are handling the government shutdown?
1 Strongly approve
2 Somewhat approve
3 Neither approve nor disapprove
4 Somewhat disapprove
5 Strongly disapprove
6 Haven't heard enough to say
End of if
CS_001 (HOW PLEASANT INTERVIEW)
Could you tell us how interesting or uninteresting you found the questions in this interview?
1 Very interesting
2 Interesting
3 Neither interesting nor uninteresting
4 Uninteresting
5 Very uninteresting
CS_003 (comments)
Do you have any other comments on the interview? Please type these in the box below.(If you have no comments, please click next to complete this survey.)
STRING